In a healthy individual who is well hydrated, the urine is clear just like water or slightly yellow in color. Cloudy urine is foggy, opaque or milky urine or in medical terminology nebulous or turbid urine. The occurrence of cloudy urine is not a disease in itself, but a manifestation of some other illness. There are various causes of cloudy urine in morning ranging from physical stress to drugs or diseases, dehydration, presence of vaginal discharge, semen, etc.
What Are the Causes of Cloudy Urine?
Urinary tract infections or UTIs
One of the main causes of cloudy urine is UTI. One type of urinary tract infection in which kidney is infected is called pyelonephritis, in which case pus is passed in the urine along with cloudy urine. The disease is more common in males than in females. Other symptoms of pyelonephritis are fever, burning sensation while passing urine, flank pain and increased frequency of urination.
Cystitis and other kinds of infections of the bladder
An infection of the urinary bladder is referred to as cystitis and can result in the presence of white blood cells in the urine. This causes the urine to become cloudy. Other symptoms are acute pain and difficulty while passing urine, fever, chills, burning sensations when urinating and frequency of urination.
Increased excretion of phosphate crystals in the urine
Elevated levels of phosphate crystals in the urine can lead to appearance of urine as cloudy associated with a foul odor. The condition can occur due to intake of large quantities of cheese, milk, fish, organ meat, beets, asparagus or fast food. It can also occur after intake of milk that has high phosphate content or after taking phosphate supplements. The condition can also happen due to hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D intoxication.
Proteinuria is a condition in which protein appears in the urine and it may be caused due to diabetes, kidney problems or high blood pressure. When this happens, large quantity of protein is released into the urine, making it cloudy and foaming. Pregnant females may also experience proteinuria during their second and third trimesters. If this occurs along with hypertension, then you should visit a physician immediately as this indicates presence of preeclampsia and eclampsia.
Abnormal vaginal discharge in women
In females cloudy urine in morning may occur due to some kind of abnormal discharge from vagina. The vaginal discharge can be caused due to a variety of reasons including yeast infection (Candida Albicans), or a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia.
The urine appears cloudy due to dehydration. Dehydration can be due to either less intake of fluids or excessive loss of fluids. Some of the common causes of depletion of fluids from the body include strenuous exercise or physical activities, excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased intake of water,etc.
Intake of vitamin supplements
The excess of various water soluble vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin B ,etc. generally gets removed through the urine. They do not stay in the body and only small amounts of such vitamins get stored in the body.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that results in increased bacteria to be present in the urine. The urine color may be changed and the urine may appear cloudy in both males and females suffering from gonorrhea.
The presence of kidney stones can also result in cloudy urine in morning. It is a painful condition and medical help should be sought immediately if stones are detected.
Presence of semen in urine
Sometimes, though very rarely, the urine may appear cloudy due to the presence of semen in it. This occurs when after ejaculation little semen is left in the urinary tract and is expelled with urine.
Prostatitis in men
This is infection of the prostate gland and can often lead to occurrence of cloudy urine. Other symptoms are frequent urination at night, fever, pelvic pain and constant urge to pass urine.
What to Do About It?
Most people suffering from this condition do not need to seek medical help as the symptom goes away on its own. However, when it becomes chronic or recurs frequently then taking medical treatment is necessary.
Treatment of the illness aims at diagnosing the underlying disease and using various therapies and medicines to control/cure/manage the diagnosed condition.
Infection, discomfort and pain that is associated with cloudy urine can be relieved with diuretics and antibiotics.
Patients having cloudy urine also need to maintain a good personal hygiene and drink lots of fluids and water and maintain proper hydration.
Certain home remedies that are described below can also be used to treat mild cases of cloudy urine in morning:
Intake of cranberry juice is recommended for the treatment of cloudy urine. It is considered as one of the best home remedies. Drink it several times per day.
Urinary tract infections can be treated by using apple cider vinegar. However, this is not a substitute for proper medical treatment.
A solution prepared by using coriander seeds can be used to treat cloudy urine along with its symptoms. Prepare the solution by boiling the seeds in some water. Strain and allow it to cool. Drink about 2 ounces of the solution two times daily.
Mix 8 ounces of water to ½ tsp of baking soda. Make a solution and drink. It is known to be one of the best home remedies for UTI.